(C41) Philidor Defence
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6:

(Jukka Joutsi * latest additions: 15.2.2017).

Tällä sivulla seurataan päämuunnelmana (Main-line) Paul Keres-Iivo Nein Shakkiopas-kirjan (1981) esittelemää siirtolinjaa:
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Nf6 4. Nc3 Nbd7 5. Bc4 Be7 6. dxe5 Nxe5 7. Be2.


LINK: Philidor Defence (Wikipedia)

3. d4: ("Main-line").

Others:

3. Bc4:

3. --- Bg4:

[Tuntematon peli, löydetty työpaikan tietokoneelta lokakuussa 1990 * Kangasniemi]: 1. e4 e5 2. Bc4 d6 3. Nf3 ( = 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bc4) Bg4 4. Nc3 g6 5. Nxe5 Bxd1 6. Bxf7+ Ke7 7. Nd5# 0-1.

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland-Roberto Martins, Portugal * NonStop * Group #6 * 2016]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bc4 Bg4 4. h3 Bxf3 5. Qxf3 Nf6 6. Qb3 b6 7. Bxf7+ Kd7 8. O-O Nxe4 9. Qe6+ Kc6 10. Qd5+ Kd7 11. Be6+ Ke7 12. Qxa8 Kxe6 13. Qxe4 d5 14. Qg4+ 1-0.

3. --- Be7:

4. d3:

[Martti Luukko, Finland - V.Virtanen, Finland ~ Northern Lights, 2014]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bc4 Be7 4. d3 Nf6 5. O-O O-O 6. Nc3 c5 7. a3 Nc6 8. h3 Nd4 9. Nxd4 cxd4 10. Nd5 Nxd5 11. Bxd5 Be6 12. Bxb7 Rb8 13. Bc6 Qb6 14. Ba4 a5 15. f4 f5 16. Bd2 fxe4 17. fxe5 Rxf1+ 18. Qxf1 e3 19. exd6 Bxd6 20. Bc1 Rf8 21. Qe1 Bb8 22. b4 Qc7 23. g3 Rf2 24. Qxf2 exf2+ 25. Kxf2 Qxg3+ 26. Ke2 Qg2+ 27. Kd1 Qf1+ 28. Kd2 Bf4# 0-1.

4. d4:

4. 0-0:

4. c3 (Steinitz):

4. Nc3:

(Jukka Joutsi, Finland - Derek O'Shea, Ireland ~ 2014): 1. e4 e5 2. Nc3 d6 3. Bc4 Be7 4. Nf3 (= 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bc4 Be7 4. Nc3) --- Nf6 5. d4 exd4 6. Nxd4 O-O 7. Bf4 b6 8. O-O Bb7 9. Nf5 Bxe4 10. Nxe4 Nxe4 11. Bd5 Nxf2 12. Rxf2 c6 13. Qg4 g6 14. Bxf7+ Kxf7 15. Nxd6+ Bxd6 16. Bxd6+ Kg7 17. Bxf8+ Kg8 18. Qe6+ Kh8 19. Qe5+ Qf6 20. Qxf6+ Kg8 21. Qg7 ++ mate, 1-0.


3. Nc3:

3. --- Nc6:

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Nc3 Nc6 4. Bb5 (= C62 Spanish).

3. --- c5:

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Nc3 c5 4. Bb5+ Nc6 (= B51 Sicilian ~ 'Tvavro', Greek- Jukka Joutsi, Finland 0-1 - 2014).


3. Miscellaneous:

3. c3 (C41-1):

This game, known as 'Boden's checkmate', was played in London 1853:
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. c3 f5 4. Bc4 Nf6 5. d4 fxe4 6. dxe5 exf3 7. exf6 Qxf6 8. gxf3 Nc6 9. f4 Bd7 10. Be3 O-O-O 11. Nd2 Re8 12. Qf3 Bf5 13. O-O-O? d5 14. Bxd5 Qxc3+ 15. bxc3 Ba3++ 0-1 (Michael Basman, The Young Chess Player, 2001).

3. d3 :

(Cliff Garoup, Portugal - Jukka Joutsi, Finland ~ 2014): 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d3 f5 4. Nc3 (A04?) Nf6 5. h3 Nc6 6. a3 Be7 7. Be2 O-O 8. O-O d5 9. Re1 d4 10. Na2 Qd6 11. Bd2 a5 12. c3 fxe4 13. dxe4 Be6 14. Bd3 Nd7 15. cxd4 Nxd4 16. Nxd4 Qxd4 17. Be3 Qxb2 18. a4 Nc5 19. Re2 Qb3 20. Bc2 Qc4 21. Bd2 Rad8 22. Rc1 Qxa2 23. Bxa5 Rxd1+ 24. Rxd1 Qc4 25. Rde1 b6 26. Bxb6 cxb6 27. Kf1 Qc3 28. Bb1 Bh4 29. Re3 Rxf2+ 30. Kg1 Qd2 0-1.

3. h3 :

['Elsport', Poland - Jukka Joutsi, Finland ~ Northern Lights, 2014]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. h3 f5 4. exf5 Bxf5 5. Nc3 Nf6 6. d3 Nc6 7. a3 d5 8. Be2 d4 9. Ne4 Nxe4 10. dxe4 Bxe4 11. O-O Be7 12. b4 a6 13. Nd2 Bd5 14. Bc4 Bxc4 15. Nxc4 Qd5 16. Ne3 Qf7 17. Ng4 h5 18. Nh2 g5 19. Nf3 g4 20. Ng5 Bxg5 21. Bxg5 gxh3 22. g3 Qd5 23. f3 e4 24. Bf6 Qd6 25. Bh4 e3 26. Re1 Ne5 27. f4 Qc6 28. Re2 Nf3+ 29. Kf1 h2 30. Rxh2 Nxh2+ 31. Kg1 Nf3+ 32. Kf1 Nxh4 33. gxh4 O-O-O 34. Qe2 Qh1# 0-1.

3. --- Nf6: ("Main-line" * Nimzowitsch variation).

Others:

3. --- exd4 (Exchange variation):

4. Nxd4:

4. --- Be7:

(Jukka Joutsi, Finland -'Holland' ~ 2011): 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 Be7 5. Nc3 Nf6 6. Bc4 O-O 7. O-O Bd7 8. h3 Nc6 9. Re1 a6 10. Bf4 Qc8 11. Nxc6 Bxc6 12. a4 Re8 13. a5 Bf8 14. Qf3 Nd7 15. Rad1 Ne5 16. Bxe5 Re7 17. Bd4 b5 18. axb6 cxb6 19. Nd5 Rb7 20. Nxb6 Qb8 21. Nxa8 Qxa8 22. Re3 Re7 23. Ra1 Bxe4 24. Bxf7+ Kh8 25. Qf4 Bxg2 26. Rxe7 Bh1 27. Qg5 h6 28. Qxh6++ 1-0.

4. --- a6:

(Jukka Joutsi, Finland - Janschaak, Holland ~ 2012): 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 a6 5. Bc4 Be7 6. Qh5 g6 7. Qd5 Qd7 8. Qxf7+ Kd8 9. Ne6+ 1-0.

4. --- Ne7:

(Jukka Joutsi, Finland - J.Nikkola, Finland ~ 4.9.2012): 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 Ne7 5. Nc3 g6 6. Bg5 Bg7 7. Nd5 f6 8. Nxf6+ Bxf6 9. Bxf6 Rf8 10. Bg5 c6 11. Qd2 d5 12. O-O-O Nd7 13. exd5 cxd5 14. Qc3 Nf6 15. Bb5+ Kf7 16. Bxf6 a6 17. Rhe1 Re8 18. Bxe8+ Kg8 19. Rxe7 Qd6 20. Bf7+ Kf8 21. Qxc8+ Rxc8 22. Ne6+ Qxe6 23. Bxe6 Re8 24. Rf7+ Kg8 25. Rg7+ Kf8 26. Rg8# 1-0

4. --- Nf6:

(Jukka Joutsi, Finland - 'Didlesknowmydad', England - 2014): 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 Be7 6. Bf4 O-O 7. Be2 c5 8. Ndb5 a6 9. Nxd6 Bxd6 10. Bxd6 Re8 11. e5 Nfd7 12. f4 Nc6 13. Nd5 Nb6 14. Nc7 Bd7 15. Nxa8 Qxa8 16. Bc7 Qa7 17. Bxb6 Qxb6 18. Qxd7 Rd8 19. Qf5 Nd4 20. Qe4 Qxb2 21. Kf2 Nxc2 22. Rab1 Qc3 23. Rxb7 Na3 24. Rd1 Rc8 25. Qf5 Ra8 26. Qxf7+ Kh8 27. Qxg7# 1-0.

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland - Uirafernandes, Brazil * 2016]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 b6 6. Bb5+ Bd7 7. Bxd7+ Qxd7 8. O-O Be7 9. f4 O-O 10. Bd2 c5 11. Nf5 Nxe4? (Rd8) 12. Qg4 g6 13. Nh6+ Kg7 14. Nxe4 Kxh6 15. f5+ Kg7 16. Qf4 d5 17. f6+ 1-0.

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland-Ulf Erik, Sweden * 2016]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 a6 6. Bc4 Qe7 7. O-O Be6 8. Nd5 Bxd5 9. exd5 Nbd7 10. Nf5 Qe5 11. Re1 Ne4 12. Qf3 Ndf6 13. Bd3 g6 14. Nh6 Qxd5 15. Qxf6 1-0.

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland - Michael Murray, S-Africa * Non-Stop, Group #2 ~ 2016]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 Bd7 6. Bc4 Nc6 7. O-O a6 8. Nxc6 Bxc6 9. Re1 Qe7 10. Nd5 Qd7 11. Bf4 O-O-O 12. f3 h6 13. Qd4 Be7 14. Qa7 b5 15. Nxe7+ Qxe7 16. Qxa6+ Kd7 17. Bd5 Ba8 18. Rad1 Rb8 19. Bxd6 Rb6 20. Qxa8 Rxa8 21. Bxe7 Nxd5 22. Bc5 Kc8 23. exd5 Rf6 24. Re8+ Kb7 25. Re7 Rxa2 26. d6 Kc6 27. Rxc7# 1-0.

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland-Nazar Hamid, Sudan * Black Coffee Chess League * Season #2 * 1st Division * 2017]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 Bd7 6. Bb5 Bxb5 7. Ncxb5 a6 8. Nc3 Be7 9. O-O O-O 10. Re1 Nbd7 11. Bf4 Ne5 12. Qe2 Qd7 13. Rad1 c5 14. Nf5 Qc7 15. Bg5 Rfe8 16. Nxe7+ Qxe7 17. Nd5 Qd8 18. Bxf6 gxf6 19. Qh5 Ng6 20. Qh6 Re6 21. f4 f5 22. exf5 Rxe1+ 23. Rxe1 Qh4 24. Ne7+ Qxe7 25. Rxe7 Nxe7 26. f6 1-0.

4. --- c5:

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland-Fredrik Rivenson, USA * 2016]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 c5 5. Nb3 Nf6 6. Bg5 Be7 7. Bc4 Nxe4 8. Be3 O-O 9. Qd5 Nf6 10. Qd2 Ne4 11. Qd3 Nf6 12. Nc3 Be6 13. O-O-O Bxc4 14. Qxc4 Qd7 15. Bxc5 Qf5 16. Rhe1 dxc5 17. Rxe7 b6 18. Rxf7 Qg5+ 19. f4 Rxf7 20. Rd8+ Ne8 21. Rxe8++ 1-0.

4. --- d5:

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland-Glen Shaw, S-Africa * Non-Stop * Group #5 * October 2016]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Nxd4 d5 5. exd5 Qxd5 6. Nc3 Bb4 7. Bf4 Bxc3+ 8. bxc3 Nc6 9. Nb5 Qxd1+ 10. Rxd1 Ke7 11. Nxc7 Rb8 12. Nd5+ Ke6 13. Bc4 Nge7 14. O-O Rd8 15. Rfe1+ Kd7 16. Nf6# 1-0.


4. Qxd4:

(Jukka Joutsi, Finland - 'Cerryl', USA ~ 2012): 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Qxd4 Nc6 5. Qa4 Bd7 6. Nc3 g6 7. Bc4 Nd4 8. Bxf7+ Kxf7 9. Qxd4 Bg7 10. Qd5+ Kf8 11. O-O Qc8 12. Ng5 Nh6 13. f4 Bf6 14. Bd2 Kg7 15. e5 Be7 16. exd6 Bxd6 17. Qd4+ Kg8 18. Nce4 Bf8 19. Nf6+ Kg7 20. Nxd7+ 1-0.

(Jukka Joutsi, Finland - B.Anthony, England ~ 2014): 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 exd4 4. Qxd4 Nc6 5. Qa4 Nf6 6. Be2 Bd7 7. Nc3 Be7 8. O-O O-O 9. Bf4 Ne5 10. Qb3 Nxf3+ 11. Bxf3 Bc6 12. Rad1 a6 13. e5 Bxf3 14. exf6 Bxd1 15. fxe7 Qxe7 16. Rxd1 b6 17. Qd5 Rfe8 18. Be3 Rad8 19. Qb7 a5 20. Nd5 Qe6 21. Nxc7 Qg4 22. Qd5 Re5 23. Qd3 h6 24. Bd4 Rg5 25. g3 Qh3 26. f4 Rg6 27. Bxb6 Rb8 28. f5 Rf6 29. Nd5 Rxb6 30. Nxb6 Rxf5 31. Qxd6 Qg4 32. Qd8+ Kh7 33. Qd3 g6 34. c4 Qg5 35. Nd5 1-0.


3. --- Nd7 (Hanham variation):


3. --- f5 (Counter Gambit):

LINKKI: Erikoissivullemme: Philidor ~ Counter Gambit.


3. --- Qe7:


3. --- others (miscellaneous 3rd moves for black):

3. --- Bg4:

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland-Nazar Hamid, Sudan * NonStop * Group #2 * 2016]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Bg4 4. d5 Be7 5. Be2 Bxf3 6. Bxf3 Nf6 7. O-O Na6 8. Nc3 Nc5 9. b4 Ncd7 10. a3 Rb8 11. Be3 a6 12. a4 b6 13. Qd3 Ra8 14. Nd1 O-O 15. a5 bxa5 16. Rxa5 Nb8 17. Bd2 c6 18. c4 cxd5 19. cxd5 Qc8 20. h4 Nbd7 21. h5 h6 22. Ne3 Nh7 23. Rc1 Qb7 24. Nf5 Nb8 25. b5 Qd7 26. b6 Bd8 27. Be3 Bxb6 28. Bxb6 Qe8 29. Nxd6 Qe7 30. Nf5 Qf6 31. Bc5 Rd8 32. Be7 Qb6 33. Bxd8 Qxd8 34. Rc8 Qf8 35. Ne7+ Kh8 36. Rxf8+ Nxf8 37. d6 Nbd7 38. Qd5 Rd8 39. Qxf7 Nf6 40. Rxe5 Kh7 41. Nf5 Ne6 42. Rxe6 Rg8 43. Rxf6 a5 44. Rxh6# 1-0.

[Ben Finnström, Finland-Torrey, Barbados * NonStop * Group #18 * 2016]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Bg4 4. d5 Nf6 5. Nc3 Qd7 6. Bd3 Be7 7. h3 Bh5 8. g4 Bg6 9. h4 h5 10. gxh5 Bh7 11. Bg5 Nxh5 12. Bxe7 Qxe7 13. Ng5 Nf4 14. Bb5+ Nd7 15. Bxd7+ Qxd7 16. f3 f6 17. Ne6 Ng2+ 18. Kf1 Ne3+ 0-1.

[Veikko Virtanen, Finland-Torrey, Barbados * NonStop * Group #23 * 2017]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Bg4 4. d5 Nf6 5. Nc3 Be7 6. Be3 Nbd7 7. h3 Bxf3 8. Qxf3 Nc5 9. Bb5+ Nfd7 10. b4 a6 11. Be2 Nxe4 12. Nxe4 a5 13. b5 a4 14. O-O g6 15. Bh6 f5 16. Qxf5 Nf6 17. Nxf6+ Bxf6 18. Qg4 Qe7 19. b6 cxb6 20. Rab1 a3 21. Rxb6 Ra5 22. Qb4 Rxd5 23. Rxb7 Qe6 24. Bb5+ Rxb5 25. Qxb5+ Kd8 26. Bd2 Qc8 27. Ba5+ Qc7 28. Rxc7 Re8 29. Qb8# 1-0.

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland - 'Gdpub3850', USA ~ 2014]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Bg4 4. d5 Nd7 5. Nc3 Nc5 6. Be3 b6 7. h3 Bh5 8. Bxc5 bxc5 9. Bb5+ Ke7 10. g4 Bg6 11. Qe2 Rb8 12. O-O-O Rb6 13. Nh4 f6 14. f4 Bf7 15. Nf5# 1-0.

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland - "Itailm", Zimbabwe * 2016]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Bg4 4. Be2 h6 5. Be3 Nd7 6. Nc3 Ngf6 7. O-O Be7 8. h3 Bh5 9. dxe5 Nxe5 10. Nxe5 Bxe2 11. Qxe2 dxe5 12. Qb5+ Qd7 13. Qxb7 O-O 14. Rfd1 Bd6 15. Bxa7 Nh5 16. a4 f5 17. a5 f4 18. a6 f3 19. Be3 fxg2 20. Kxg2 Qe7 21. a7 Qf6 22. Rg1 Nf4+ 23. Kh2 Qh4 24. Rg3 Nh5 25. Rg4 Qd8 26. Nb5 Nf6 27. Rg6 Qe8 28. Rag1 Rf7 29. Nxd6 Qf8 30. Nxf7 1-0.

3. --- Nc6:

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland-Sean Brian Martin, S-Africa * Non-Stop, Group #2 - 2016]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Nc6 4. d5 Nce7 5. Nc3 Bg4 6. Bb5+ c6 7. dxc6 bxc6 8. Bc4 h6 9. Nxe5 dxe5 10. Qxg4 Nf6 11. Qf3 Ng6 12. O-O Bc5 13. Rd1 Bd4 14. Na4 Qd6 15. c3 Rd8 16. cxd4 Qb4 17. Qc3 Qxc3 18. bxc3 Nxe4 19. Re1 Ng5 20. f4 1-0.

[Jukka Joutsi, Finland-Claus Eisenhardt, Denmark * NonStop * Group #1 - 2016]: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Nc6 4. d5 Nce7 5. Nc3 Bg4 6. Bb5+ c6 7. dxc6 Nxc6 8. h3 Bh5 9. O-O Qa5 10. Nd5 Kd8 11. Qd3 Nf6 12. Bd2 a6 13. Bxa5+ Nxa5 14. Nb6 Rb8 15. Qc3 axb5 16. Qxa5 Nd7 17. g4 Bg6 18. Nxd7+ Kxd7 19. Nxe5+ dxe5 20. Rad1+ Bd6 21. Rxd6+ Kxd6 22. Rd1+ Ke6 23. Qb6+ Ke7 24. Qd6+ Ke8 25. Qxb8+ Ke7 26. Qxe5+ Kf8 27. Rd8# 1-0.

4. Nc3: ("Main-line").

Others:

4. dxe5:

4. --- Nbd7: ("Main-line").

Others:

4. --- Bg4:

(Jukka Joutsi, Finland - 'Ditto', Argentina ~ 2012): 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nf6 4. Nc3 Bg4 5. dxe5 (--- Bf3 6. gxf3 dxe5 7. Qd8 Kd8 8. Bg5 Nd7 9. 0-0-0, +- , Sozin) dxe5 6. Qxd8+ Kxd8 7. Nxe5 Be6 8. Be3 Bb4 9. O-O-O+ Nbd7 10. Nxd7 Nxd7 11. Nb5 Ba5 12. Bf4 c6 13. Nd6 Bc7 14. Nxb7+ Kc8 15. Nd6+ Kd8 16. Ba6 Ke7 17. Nf5+ Kd8 18. Bg5+ Ke8 19. Nxg7+ Kf8 20. Nxe6+ fxe6 21. Rxd7 Bb6 22. Bb7 Rb8 23. Rhd1 e5 24. Bh6+ Ke8 25. Bxc6 Rc8 26. Rc7# 1-0.

4. --- exd4:

5. Qxd4:

(Llorens - Koltanowsky, Espanja - 1935): 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Nf6 4. Nc3 exd4 5. Qxd4 Be7 6. Bg5 O-O 7. O-O-O Nc6 8. Qd2 h6 9. Bf4 Re8 10. h3 Bf8 11. Bd3 Ne5 12. Nxe5 dxe5 13. Bc4 Qxd2+ 14. Bxd2 c6 (½-½).

5. Nxd4:

(Jukka Joutsi, Finland -'Didlesknowmydad', England ~ 2014): 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 Nf6 4. Nc3 exd4 5. Nxd4 Be7 6. Bf4 O-O 7. Be2 c5 8. Ndb5 Ne8 9. Nd5 Qa5+ 10. Qd2 Qxd2+ 11. Kxd2 Na6 12. Nxe7+ Kh8 13. Kc3 Bd7 14. Nxd6 Nf6 15. f3 Rab8 16. Rhd1 Ne8 17. Nxe8 Bxe8 18. Bxa6 bxa6 19. Bxb8 Bb5 20. Bxa7 c4 21. a4 Be8 22. Rd8 g6 23. Rxe8 Rxe8 24. Bd4+ f6 25. Bxf6++ 1-0.

5. Bc4: ("Main-line").

Others:

5. --- Be7: ("Main-line").

Others:

6. dxe5: ("Main-line").

Others:

6. 0-0:

6. --- Nxe5: ("Main-line").

Others:

7. Be2: ("Main-line").

Others:

François-André Danican Philidor (September 7, 1726 - August 31, 1795):
(Wikipedia, 24.12.2008): A French chess player and composer. He was regarded as the best single chess player of his age, although the title of World Chess Champion was not yet in existence. Philidor's book 'Analyse du jeu des Échecs' was considered a standard chess manual for at least a century. He is referred to here as André Danican Philidor, the name commonly used during his lifetime.

François-André Danican Philidor came from an extraordinary musical family.
Philidor started playing regularly around 1740 at the chess Mecca of France, the Café de la Régence. It was also there that he famously played with a friend from 'New England', Mr. Benjamin Franklin. The best player in France at the time, Legall de Kermeur, taught him. At first, Legall could give Philidor rook odds, a handicap in which the stronger player starts without one of his rooks, but in only three years, Philidor was his equal, and then surpassed him. Philidor visited England in 1747 and decisively beat the Syrian Phillip Stamma in a match +8 =1 -1, despite the fact Philidor let Stamma have white in every game, and scored all draws as wins for Stamma.

Philidor astounded his peers by playing three blindfold chess games simultaneously in the chess club of St. James Street in London on 9 May 1783. Philidor let all three opponents play white, and gave up a pawn for the third player. Some affidavits were signed, because those persons who were involved doubted that future generations would believe that such a feat was possible. Today, three simultaneous blindfold games would be fairly unremarkable among many chess masters. Even when he was in his late years, when he was 67 years old (1793), he played two blindfold games simultaneously in London, and he won.

In 1749, Philidor published his famous book 'Analyse du jeu des Échecs'. He printed a second edition in 1777, and a third edition in 1790. The book was such an advance in chess knowledge that by 1871, it had gone through about 70 editions, and had been translated into English, German and Italian. In it, Philidor analyzed nine different types of game openings.
Most of the openings of Philidor are designed to strengthen and establish a strong defensive center using pawns. He is the first one to realize the new role of the pawn in the chess game; and his most famous advice was the saying "The pawns are the soul of chess".
It was said that the reason why Philidor emphasized the pawns in the chess game was related to the political background during the eighteenth century of France, and that he regarded pawns as the "Third rank" on the chess board (citizens were regarded as the third rank of the society before the French Revolution started in 1789).
He also included analysis of certain positions of rook and bishop versus rook, such analysis being still current theory even today (see Philidor position and pawnless chess endgames). He is most famous for showing an important drawing technique with a rook and pawn versus rook endgame, in a position known as the Philidor position. The Philidor Defense (1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6) is named for him.

From 1750 to 1770 Philidor was a leading opera composer in France, and during his musical career produced twenty-one music comedies and one opera.

Philidor was stranded in England when the French Revolution occurred. Because of many of his social connections mentioned above, the Revolutionary Government put him on the banned list.
He died on August 31, 1795 in London and was buried in St James, Piccadilly. A few days later, his relatives succeeded in getting his name removed from the list.

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